King Bulan's Turkic Bookstore
History and Culture

Last Updated: November 5, 2013


Central Asia in World History, by Peter B. Golden
Golden provides introductory readers with an engaging account of Central Asia from prehistory to 2010, focusing largely on its melting pot of cultures. Golden describes the traders who traversed caravan routes between East Asia and Europe; the Mongol Empire of Chinggis Khan and his successors, the largest contiguous land empire in history; the invention of gunpowder, which allowed sedentary empires to overcome the horse-based nomads; the power struggles of Russia and China and, later, Russia and Britain, for control of the area; and the state of the region in modern times including discussion of Afghanistan. (Kindle edition)

A History of Russia, Central Asia and Mongolia: Inner Eurasia from Prehistory to the Mongol Empire, by David Christian

This book provides an excellent overview of Eurasian history, written by an Australian history professor. This is volume 1 in the Blackwell History of the World series, detailing events from ancient times to the 13th century. Coverage includes discussions of agricultural and nomadic peoples like the Scythians, Huns, and Avars, and the development of civilization in the lands of the Kievan Rus. There are sections on the Eastern Türks, Western Türks, Khazars, and Kumans. Included are numerous illustrations and maps.

"extremely impressive" - D.O. Morgan, in English Historical Review, Nov. 2000

"This work is useful for world history teachers as well as for Russian, Chinese and Near Eastern historians, and also the general history reader." - Gary Alan Hanson, in Canadian Journal of History, August 1999

A History of Inner Asia, by Svatopluk Soucek

This introduction to Inner Asia traces its history from the arrival of Islam through the various dynasties to the Russian conquest. The contemporary focus rests on the seven countries that make up present-day Eurasia: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Sinkiang, and Mongolia.

"[This book] helps to fill a substantial gap in the historical literature.... Soucek begins with a long introduction, discussing the historical geography, languages, religions and social structures of Central Asia. This is one of the most valuable parts of the book. He then turns to a historical survey, which effectively commences with the first Turkish empire in the sixth century AD, continuing speedily on to the rise of Islam and T'ang Chinese expansion into the region.... The chronological scope from then on is comprehensive, extending to the newly independent republics of ex-Soviet Central Asia. There are useful appendices (dynastic tables and data on the modern countries of the region), and an up-to-date and helpfully arranged bibliography." - D.O. Morgan, in English Historical Review, Nov. 2000

"Soucek takes the reader across a vast historical landscape, from the time of the Kök Türk dynasties of the 6th-8th centuries to the rise of the independent Central Asian republics after 1991. ... Therefore it goes almost without saying that the book is, at the very least, a masterpiece of concision. Soucek, in his knowledge of local languages and cultures, also displays an impressive level of erudition. ... At times however the sheer depth of knowledge on display here becomes an obstacle to the pleasure of the general reading experience. ... This book is a demanding read... The book covers a great deal of cultural ground, again reflecting Soucek's literary background... On the other hand the book is extremely weak as military and diplomatic history... Soucek's judgment is also less certain with regard to contemporary events, and a Russophobic tone creeps into parts of the work. ... [This book] is, in its existing form, an intellectually dazzling but rather unfocused curate's egg." - Alex Marshall, in Central Eurasian Studies Review (Spring 2003), pp. 21-22.

The Jews of Khazaria - Second Edition, by Kevin Alan Brook

The Jews of Khazaria recounts the eventful history of the Kingdom of Khazaria, which was located in Eastern Europe and flourished as an independent state from about the year 650 to the year 1016. In the 9th century, the Khazarian royalty and nobility, as well as a significant portion of the Khazarian population, embraced the Jewish religion. 10 chapters, with glossary, timeline, bibliography, maps, notes.

Armies of the Volga Bulgars and Khanate of Kazan: 9th-16th Centuries, by Viacheslav Shpakovsky and David Nicolle

The Volga Bulgars' military equipment, conversion to Islam in the 920s, assertion of political independence from the Khazars in the 960s, and related topics come alive in this text accompanied by color and black-and-white illustrations.

Nomads and Their Neighbours in the Russian Steppe: Turks, Khazars and Qipchaqs, by Peter B. Golden

Nomads and Sedentary Societies in Medieval Eurasia, by Peter B. Golden

This booklet provides a study of the study of the history and cultures of the peoples of Eurasia. It includes discussions of the centrality of Eurasia to global history, of the ancient medieval populations of Eurasia, and of nomadism and nomadic and sedentary societies. The essay also covers state formation and ethnogenesis. Groups discussed include the Hsiung-Nu, Turks, Kirghiz, Khazars, and Mongols. Professor Golden, a professor of history at Rutgers, is the author of Khazar Studies and several other works.

The Turkic Speaking Peoples: 1,500 Years of Art and Culture from Inner Asia to the Balkans, edited by Ergun Çagatay and Dogan Kuban

From the first nomadic tribes migrating from central Asia to the Mediterranean, through the rise of the Seljuk and the Ottoman Empire, to the present day, this book explores the traditions and cultural practices of the Turkic-speaking peoples. It examines their social and political significance within a historical and modern context, and their relationships with other cultures. This lavishly illustrated volume, featuring images from an award-winning photographer, allows readers to discover a civilization and understand its role in the world today.

Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years, 600-1600, edited by David J. Roxburgh

This magnificent book accompanied an exhibition at the Royal Academy of Art (London) devoted to the artistic and cultural riches of the Turkic-speaking peoples. Essays by leading scholars, including Peter B. Golden, trace Turkic history and cultural development, while works of art ranging from painting and sculpture to textiles, metalwork, and ceramics reflect the artistic influences that the Turks assimilated, from their early nomadic wanderings to the glories produced during the reign of S?leyman the Magnificent. The book takes the reader on a breathtaking journey from the eastern border of modern China to the Balkans in the west. Illustrated with more than 500 works.

Historical Dictionary of Kyrgystan, by Rafis Abazov

The post-Soviet history of Kyrgyzstan resembles a fascinating narration of the Great Game (a term used to describe competition between the British and Russian Empires for domination in Central Asia). For centuries, various great powers and nomadic Khanates attempted to establish an ultimate control over this strategically important land. For centuries the land populated by Kyrgyzes was fragmented between various political entities, and only at the end of the 19th century did the Russian Empire finally acquire control over this region. In 1924 the Kyrgyz land was united into a single political entity in the controversial and still widely debated border delimitation process. In 1991 Kyrgyzstan declared its independence and began building a democratic and market-oriented state. However, very soon the newly independent country found itself facing a number of difficulties, including rising inter-ethnic tensions, steep economic recession and de-industrialization, growing competition between various clans and wide spread poverty.

This dictionary provides a concise yet comprehensive overview of the historical development of Kyrgyzstan. The introduction and chronology provide an overview of the Kyrgyz history, focusing on the history of the country in the 20th century, political and economic development, ethnic policies and nation building. The author carefully assesses the key issues in Kyrgyzstan's post-Soviet era attempt to develop democratic and market oriented institutions, to keep militant elements at a bay and to deal with multiethnicity and diverse interests of its minority groups. He overviews the growth of political organizations and NGOs and the struggle for power between various formal and informal political groups and institutions.

This reference book covers practically every aspect in contemporary domestic and international politics of Kyrgyzstan. The dictionary consists of approximately 350 entries and is cross-referenced to make sure that it is easy to use by international consultants, NGO activists, policy makers, experienced scholars or young students interested in a complicated and captivating history of Kyrgyzes and Kyrgyz land. Includes bibliography and maps.

"This is a much-needed contribution to Kyrgyz scholarship, as this publication is the first reference book on Kyrgyz history in English." - Jamilya Ukudeeva, in Central Eurasian Studies Review (Winter 2004)

Xinjiang: China's Muslim Borderland, edited by S. Frederick Starr

This comprehensive survey of contemporary Xinjiang (homeland of the Uygur Turks) is the result of a collaborative research project begun in 1998. The authors have combined their fieldwork experience, linguistic skills, and disciplinary expertise to assemble the first multi-faceted introduction to Xinjiang. The book surveys the region's geography; its history of military and political subjugation to China; economic, social, and commercial conditions; demography, public health, and ecology; and patterns of adaption, resistance, opposiiton, and evolving identities.

Xinjiang: China's Muslim Far Northwest, by Michael Dillon

Wild West China: The Taming of Xinjiang, by Christian Tyler

The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra, 200-275 A.H./815-889 C.E., by Matthew S. Gordon

Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century, by Richard C. Foltz

Ever since the label was coined in the late nineteenth century, the ancient Silk Road has captivated the Western imagination with images of fabled cities and exotic peoples. Religions of the Silk Road looks behind the romantic notions of the colonial era and tells the story of how cultural traditions, especially in the form of religious ideas, accompanied merchants and their goods along the overland Asian trade routes in pre-modern times. As early as 3000 years ago Hebraic and Iranian religious ideas and practices traveled eastwards in this way, to be followed centuries later by the great missionary traditions of Buddhism, Christianity, Manichaeism, and Islam. But the Silk Road was more than just a conduit along which these religions hitched rides East. It was a formative and transformative rite of passage, and no religion emerged unchanged at the end of the journey.

"An absolute gem...well researched and well-written." - Jerry H. Bentley, Editor, Journal of World History

"The first comprehensive description of the presence and interplay of various religions in Central Asia." - Hans J. Klimkeit, Bonn University

Life Along the Silk Road, by Susan Whitfield

Historical tales of Central Asia and western China during the 8th, 9th, and 10th centuries, including events involving the Turkic Uighurs and their relations with the Chinese and Tibetans.

"Wonderfully written and highly evocative.... Armchair travelers and historians will certainly enjoy reading it." - Richard Foltz, in Journal of Asian Studies

"Enlightening new book.... recounts the history of the eastern Silk Road, from Samarkand to Chang'an, through 10 individuals -- composites based on the historical record -- who lived in different city-states along the eastern Silk Road from the 8th to the 10th centuries. Whitfield's skillfully crafted tales take readers on a journey back to the heyday of the Silk Road and enable them to relive its people's unusual existence." - Liya Li, in The Bloomsbury Review

The Volga Tatars: A Profile in National Resilience, by Azade-Ayse Rorlich

"Professor Rorlich's command of her research materials is extraordinary. It would appear that no source has eluded her grasp, regardless of the source's language... Her bibliography in its scope and inclusiveness is one of the best I have seen... I consider it to be the definitive work on the subject and doubt that it will be surpassed in quality or scope in the near future, if ever." - Dr. S. Enders Wimbush, Director, Society for Central Asian Studies, Oxford, England

"A magnificent book." - American Library Book Review

Nationalism and the Drive for Sovereignty in Tatarstan, 1988-92: Origins and Development, by Sergei Kondrashov

Azerbaijan: A Quest for Identity, by Charles van der Leeuw

Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity, by Brenda Shaffer

The Azerbaijani people have been divided between Iran and the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan for more than 150 years, yet they have retained their ethnic identity. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of an independent Azerbaijan have only served to reinforce their collective identity. The author examines trends in Azerbaijani collective identity from the period of the Islamic Revolution in Iran through the Soviet breakup and the beginnings of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1979-2000). Challenging the mainstream view in contemporary Iranian studies, Shaffer argues that a distinctive Azerbaijani identity exists in Iran and that Azerbaijani ethnicity must be a part of studies of Iranian society and assessments of regime stability in Iran. Shaffer analyzes how Azerbaijanis have maintained their identity and how that identity has assumed different forms in the former Soviet Union and Iran. In addition to contributing to the study of ethnic identity, the book reveals the dilemmas of ethnic politics in Iran.

Historical Dictionary of Azerbaijan, by Tadeusz Swietochowski and Brian C. Collins

Azeri Women in Transition, by Farideh Heyat

This study of women and gender in a Muslim society draws on archival and literary sources as well as the life stories of women of different generations to offer an ethnographic and historical account of the lives of urban women in contemporary Azerbaijan.

Gesture, Gender, Nation: Dance and Social Change in Uzbekistan, by Mary Masayo Doi

The national dancers in Uzbekistan are almost always female. This work argues that dancers, as symbolic "girls" or unmarried females in the Uzbek kinship system, are effective mediators between extended kin groups, and the Uzbek nation-state.

The Modern Uzbeks: From the 14th Century to the Present: A Cultural History, by Edward A. Allworth

"An essential work for students of Russia and the Soviet Union." - Choice

Central Asia: 130 Years of Russian Dominance, a Historical Overview, edited by Edward A. Allworth

The Role of Migration in the History of the Eurasian Steppe: Sedentary Civilization vs. 'Barbarian' and Nomad, by Andrew Bell-Fialkoff

The Tatars of the Crimea: Return to the Homeland: Studies and Documents, edited by Edward A. Allworth

"...an invaluable resource for those focusing on such issues as the Crimean Tatars' unprecedented struggle for homeland and their efforts to sustain their ethno-national identity in exile.... With this updated version (which includes five new chapters), Allworth and several specialists on the Crimean Tatar national movement analyze the political and social landscape surrounding the Crimean Tatars' return to the Crimea since 1989. Allworth states in his new introductory chapter that this work does not claim to be a "purveyor of the latest news from the Crimea" rather it is a nuanced effort to understand this people's unique history and character. It is this national character which has, according to Allworth, enabled this people to return to the Crimea against such seemingly insurmountable odds.... In two additional chapters, Allworth takes advantage of the virtual renaissance in Crimean Tatar publications (which have since 1991 replaced the rather limited samizdat writing) to provide insight into the Crimean Tatars' perceptions of themselves, their homeland and their nearly half century of exile. A picture emerges of a people who are hard working, stoic, honest and politically mobilized but who have, since their arrival in the Crimea, begun to suffer from internal squabbling and dissension in their ranks.... Andrew Wilson provides the most in-depth analysis to date in English on the political maneuverings by the Crimean Tatar Mejlis (Parliament) in its efforts to gain political rights for the Crimean Tatars in their national homeland.... Nermin Eren, a Crimean Tatar from Bulgaria, provides a ground breaking chapter on the formation of Crimean Tatar communities abroad." - Brian Glyn Williams, in Central Asia Monitor #4, 1998

Beyond Memory: The Crimean Tatars' Deportation and Return, by Greta Lynn Uehling

In the final days of World War II, Stalin ordered the deportation of the entire Crimean Tatar population, nearly 200,000 people. This book offers the first ethnographic exploration of this event, as well as the 50 year movement for repatriation. Many of the Crimean Tatars have returned in a process that involves squatting on vacant land and self-immolation. Uehling asks how they became willing to die for their national collectivity. She provides analysis of how "memories," sentiments, and dreams of a homeland never seen came to be shared. Uehling suggests the second-generation has a surprisingly instrumental role to play. The way children correct and intervene in parental narratives, dissidents challenge interrogators, and speakers borrow and trade lines index this social aspect of memory.

Kyrgyzstan, by Claudia Antipina, Temirbek Musakeev, and Rolando Paiva

Kyrgyzstan, by David C. King - a children's book

Kazakhstan, edited by Zoran Pavlovic and Charles F. Gritzner - a children's history book

Russian Colonization of Central Asia and the Genesis of Kazak National Conscious, by Steven Sabol

This study concentrates upon the socio-political and nationalist views of three influential representatives of the early 20th century Kazak intelligentsia: Alikhan Bokeilhanov, Akhmet Baitursynov, and Mukhamedzhan Seralin. The resulting discourse on literature, education, and politics shaped the Kazak nationalist movement before 1920. This study draws on the published works of the Kazak intelligentsia, the periodicals Ai qap (1911-1915) and Kazak (1913-1918), and archival records from the Central State Archives of the Republic of Kazakstan.

Silent Steppe, by Mukhamet Shayakhmetov
A first-hand account of the genocide of Kazakh nomads during the 1920s and 1930s.

China's Last Nomads: The History and Culture of China's Kazaks, by Linda Benson and Ingvar Svanberg

A growing interest in China's borderlands accelerated after the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union, which brought independence to new states like Kazakstan as well as a new configuration of power to Central Eurasia. Despite renewed interest in the region and its peoples, information on the Kazaks, and particularly on the Kazaks living in China, has remained limited. This new study, based on Chinese publications, archival materials, and recent fieldwork, provides an up-to-date treatment of Kazak history and culture. Special emphasis is placed on the Kazaks in 20th century China and, in particular, their status today as one of China's minority nationalities. Not only does this book add to an understanding of the Kazaks of Xinjiang, it also contributes to a broader understanding of China's own stake in Central Eurasia as this politically sensitive region prepares to enter the 21st century.

Kazakh Traditions of China, by Awelkhan Hali, Tseng-Hsiang Li, and Karl W. Luckert

Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang, by James A. Millward

This is the first comprehensive history of Xinjiang, the vast central region bordering India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Mongolia. Forming one-sixth of the People's Republic of China (PRC), Xinjiang stands at the crossroads between China, India, the Mediterranean, and Russia and has, since the Bronze Age, played a pivotal role in the social, cultural, and political development of Asia and the world. Xinjiang was once the hub of the Silk Road and the conduit through which Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam entered China. It was also the point at which the Chinese, Turkic, Tibetan, and Mongolian empires communicated and struggled with one another. Xinjiang's population comprises Kazakhs, Kirghiz, and Uighurs, all Turkic Muslim peoples, as well as Han Chinese, and competing Chinese and Turkic nationalist visions continue to threaten the region's political and economic stability. Besides separatist concerns, Xinjiang's energy resources, strategic position, and rapid development have gained it international attention in recent decades. Drawing on primary sources in several Asian and European languages, James Millward presents a thorough study of Xinjiang's history and people from antiquity to the present and takes a balanced look at the position of Turkic Muslims within the PRC today. While offering fresh material and perspectives for specialists, this engaging survey of Xinjiang's rich environmental, cultural, and ethno-political heritage is also written for travelers, students, and anyone eager to learn about this vital connector between East and West.

Oasis Identities: Uyghur Nationalism Along China's Silk Road, by Justin Jon Rudelson

Drawing upon extensive fieldwork in the Xinjiang oasis of Turpan, Rudelson assesses the factors that undermine the creation of a pan-Uyghur identity.

Islamic Historiography and 'Bulghar' Identity Among the Tatars and Bashkirs of Russia, by Allen J. Frank

To Moscow, Not Mecca: The Soviet Campaign Against Islam in Central Asia, 1917-1941, by Shoshana Keller

Sons of the Conquerors: The Rise of the Turkic World by Hugh Pope

Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire, by Caroline Finkel

The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650, by Colin Imber

This stimulating and ground-breaking book surveys the history of the Ottoman Empire from its obscure origins in the early 1300s, through its rise to the status of a world power, and its "times of trouble" in the 17th century. Drawing both on existing scholarship and research as well as original source materials, this book provides a preliminary narrative of key events and examines the internal structure and politics of the Ottoman dynasty, revealing the growth and development of the power, politics, and institutions through which the Sultans ruled the Empire. The Ottoman Empire draws from a wealth of multi-lingual sources, many of which are previously untranslated, and presents a fresh view on one of the most important, yet misunderstood, empires of the pre-modern age.

Historical Dictionary of the Ottoman Empire, by Selcuk Aksin Somel

Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time, by Franz Babinger

"The definitive scholarly biography of the Ottoman emperor who in 1453 conquered Constantinople." - The New Yorker

The Nature of the Early Ottoman State, by Heath W. Lowry

An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914, edited by Halil Inalck and Donald Quataert

Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire, by Lord Kinross

Armies of the Ottoman Turks, 1300-1744, by David Nicolle

Constantinople 1453: The End of Byzantium, by David Nicolle

Ottoman Army of the Napoleonic Wars, by David Nicolle

Attila and the Nomad Hordes: Warfare on the Eurasian Steppes 4th-12th Centuries, by David Nicolle, illustrated by Angus McBride

75 Years of the Turkish Republic, edited by Sylvia Kedourie

Profiles in Power: Ataturk, by A. L. MacFie

Bazaars of Chinese Turkestan: Life and Trade Along the Old Silk Road, by Wei-Chuan Weng and Peter Yung

Uighur Stories from Along the Silk Road, by Tsui-I Wei and Karl W. Luckert

Singing the Past: Turkic and Medieval Heroic Poetry, by Karl Reichl

An Anthology of Chuvash Poetry, by Gennady Aygi, translated by Peter France

Historical Anthology of Kazan Tatar Verse: Voices of Eternity, compiled by David Matthews, translated by Ravil Bukharaev

Expounds the rich history of Kazan Tatar poetry from its beginnings in the 12th century, against a colorful background of social, cultural, and political settings. The authors attempt to isolate the main themes of Kazan Tatar poetry, the most penetrating of which is the theme of forceful alienation from the homeland.

The Turks of Central Asia, by Charles Warren Hostler

Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds, by Stephen Kirzer

"In concise and elegant prose, Stephen Kirzer captures the excitement of modern Turkey with all its complexities and ambiguities, still struggling to define itself and its place 'between two worlds,' as he so aptly puts it. Turkey matters greatly to us, given its crucial role both in Europe and in the Middle East, and this vivid book, both personal and analytical, is the best recent work on the subject." - Richard D. Holbrooke

Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey, by Hugh Pope and Nicole Pope

Turkey: A Modern History, by Erik J. Zurcher

The Emergence of Modern Turkey, by Bernard Lewis

This text is a history of modern Turkey which has been updated to include the most recent information on Turkey. It addresses such issues as Turkey's emergence as a Western-orientated power; its inclusion in the European Union; its continued involvement with the politics of the Middle East as well as the politics of the Iraq-UN conflict; and the politically divisive issue of Kurdish violence and ethnic nationalism.

Gender and Identity Construction: Women of Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Turkey, by Ayse Gunes-Ayata and Feride Acar

The Heritage of Central Asia: From Antiquity to the Turkish Expansion, by Richard N. Frye

Hungarians and Europe in the Middle Ages: An Introduction to Early Hungarian History, by András Róna-Tas

Lavishly illustrated, the book contains 75 historical maps and color plates which visualize the historical background of Hungary and introduces its early history to a broader readership. The early history of Hungarians is embedded into the history of Eurasia and special attention is given to the relationship of the Hungarians with the Khazars and the Bulghar-Turks.

The first part deals with methods and sources which can be used for elucidating the ancient history of the Hungarians, relying on research into linguistics, archaeology, anthropology, and natural history. The second part traces how the Hungarians came into the Carpathian Basin and answers such questions as: who are the Magyars, from where did they come, and how did they conquer the land? It reconstructs and examines their early political and social structure, the economy, and religion, and compares the Hungarian medieval process with the ethnogenetic processes of the Germanic, Slavic, and Turkic people.

"One problem is the fragmentary and contradictory nature of relevant written sources in many languages, pursued in the most learned manner by Andras Rona-Tas... It would be hard to find another scholarly work in which so many disciplines are employed, from linguistics to archaeology, religious studies to numismatics, and so on... His book covers many centuries from the agglomeration of the tribe in Asia followed by the cultural and linguistic development of their identity as Magyars. In the description of the gradual westward migration towards Pannonia, there is much discussion of history, institutions, clan structures, and the economy of the nomadic system. Finally, we learn of what the Magyars achieved in Hungary, the establishment of a coherent state, an accomplishment which had eluded the previous invaders, the Huns, Gepids, Lombards, and Avars. The variety and volume of Rona-Tas's information and interpretation demands a great deal of attention." - Benjamin Arnold, in English Historical Review (Sept. 2000)

At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and 'Pagans' in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000-c. 1300, by Nora Berend - includes discussions of Turkic (Cuman) nomads in Hungary, including their influence on Hungarian dialects, their conversion to Christianity, and their eventual assimilation with Hungarians.

Shamanic Worlds: Rituals and Lore of Siberia and Central Asia, edited by Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer

Russian and native experts, and an American cultural anthropologist who has done fieldwork in Siberia, introduce us in this book to traditional Siberian shamans as the poets, therapists, and even leaders of their communities. Among the special features of this collection are remarkable transcriptions of shamanic exhortations and a path-breaking study of shamanic tales and rituals. Some of the essays discuss Turkic shamanism in Siberia, including among the Tuvan people.

A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire, by Sevket Pamuk

Kirghiz and Wakhi of Afghanistan: Adaptation to Closed Frontiers, by M. Nazif Mohib Shahrani

An extended new preface and a new epilogue, written after the fall of the Taliban in 2001, place The Kirghiz and Wakhi of Afghanistan in the context of a vastly changed world. The original book, first published in 1979, describes the cultural and ecological adaptation of the nomadic Kirghiz and their agriculturalist neighbors, the Wakhi, to high altitudes and a frigid climate in the Wakhan Corridor, a panhandle of Afghanistan that borders Pakistan, the former Soviet Union, and the People?s Republic of China. The new Preface challenges the assumption that the root cause of terrorism is religious. Shahrani asserts that the problem of terrorism is fundamentally political and is historically linked to the inappropriate model of the centralized nation-state introduced to Afghanistan by colonial regimes. The differing responses of the Kirghiz and Wakhi to the Marxist coup are discussed in the new Epilogue. Shahrani has closely followed the flight of the Kirghiz to Pakistan in 1978 and their eventual resettlement among resentful Kurdish villagers in eastern Turkey in 1982. The ethnographic documentation and analysis of the transformation of Kirghiz society, politics, economics, and demography since their exodus from the Pamirs offers valuable lessons to our understanding of the dynamics and true resilience of small pastoral nomadic communities.

The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity Under Russian Rule, by Audrey L. Altstadt

"Altstadt's book does a masterly job of analyzing the complex relationship between Azerbaijan and its colonizers over an extended period." - Journal of Modern History

"This is a very useful book." - Russian Review

The Establishment of National Republics in Soviet Central Asia, by Arne Haugen

The book analyzes the "national delimitation", the establishment of national Soviet republics in Central Asia in the 1920s. Basing himself primarily on Communist Party archive material, the author argues that the predominant interpretation of this strategy as an act of divide-and-rule cannot be sustained. Rather, in the view of Soviet authorities, national identity emerged as a solution to a variety of problems and challenges regarding Soviet state building. Moreover, an important line of argument is that the delimitation should not be seen from the perspective of Moscow alone. The book discusses the role of Central Asian communists in the delimitation, and argues that Central Asian political actors influenced the process considerably. As a consequence, the new territorial-political organization of Central Asia bore a considerable degree of historical continuity.

Reform Movements and Revolutions in Turkistan: 1900-1924, edited by Timur Kocaoglu


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